This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Purpose Degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis has received insufficient attention, in contrast to degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. In fact, degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis may be more common than previously thought.
How is the interbody fusion surgery carried out? This is the reason why anterolisthesis refers to the condition of the spine in which the upper body of vertebral, the area shaped like drum at the front of each vertebrae slips forwards on to the vertebra.
The magnitude of slippage is graded by doctors in to scales from one to 1 to 4. To get exactly what this term means it is also very good to understand the meaning of the term vertebra.
The vertebra singular or vertebrae plural are those bones that form an opening in which the human spinal cord passes through. The vertebrae are positioned on top of one another like stacks. At the front part of each vertebra is a thick part of bone that is shaped like a drum and which is referred to as vertebral body.
Between every two vertebrae there are disks which are referred to as the intervertebral discs. The discs look like cushions and they are flat in shape.
The main purpose of the intervertebral discs is that they absorb and protect the spinal cord and the vertebrae from shock. In anterolisthesis, there is abnormal positioning of the upper vertebral body when compared to the body of the lower vertebra.
As stated above, the upper vertebral body tends to slip in forward direction to the vertebra below it. Causes of Anterolisthesis Anterolisthesis is mainly caused by great impact on the spinal cord anterolisthesis cervical spine or spondylosis or the vertebra mainly the c4 and c5 anterolisthesis c4 c5.
It could be due to falls from high heights, bullet wounds, impact from vehicle collisions, injury from sporting activities, and such related events. In severe cases, the anterolisthesis is accompanied by the fracture of other bones that are adjacent to the spinal cord. All these events will gradually lead to degenerative anterolisthesis changes or mechanical breakdown of the segment.
Spinal column and its different regions Source: To avoid this condition, the persons at risk especially the older members of the society are advised to engage in exercises for anterolistheis and to maintain good body posture when sleeping, sitting and in other daily activities.
Symptoms of Anterolisthesis The symptoms as of anterolisthesis may vary greatly because the intensity and severity of the same is dependent on the amount pinch that the slippage exerts on the nerve roots.
The symptoms may also vary depending on the area that is affected by the slippage. That pain may be localized or wide spread. The pain will keep on worsening because of the muscular spasms or guarding as the body attempts to protect itself. The muscle spasms and guarding will cause them to tighten and this will cause inflammation and severe pains around the tissues that are adjacent to the disc, spine and nerve roots.
The pain receptors will thus generate more and severe pain thus creating endless vicious cycle of increasing pain.
The pain may be experienced at one or both legs of the patient. Some patients also complain of weakness of the legs and this may or may not be accompanied by numbness.Fortunately, cervical spinal stenosis surgery can help relieve your symptoms and reduce your risk for progression of your symptoms.
If you decide to undergo surgery, however, you may have questions . Surgery is an option for cases unresponsive to conservative treatment. The type of surgery is dependent on the cause of anterolisthesis.
Pars repair is beneficial to the defective portion of . Jan 25, · In patients with degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis, degeneration of the disc and the facet joints occurs firstly in association with neck pain.
Neck pain is the initial symptom of degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis.
Our study showed that 52 of patients (51%) had neck or occipital pain. Anterolisthesis treatments include rest, other conservative therapies and surgery. Conservative therapies are typically recommended for new or mild diagnoses. These treatments include rest, over-the-counter medications, nerve-block injections, back bracing, chiropractic care and physical therapy.
Anterolisthesis treatments include rest, other conservative therapies and surgery Conservative therapies are typically recommended for new or mild diagnoses. These treatments include rest, over-the-counter medications, nerve-block injections, back bracing, chiropractic care and physical therapy.
Feb 03, · In persons with congenital-type spondylolisthesis, dysplastic articular facets predispose the spinal segment to listhesis as a consequence of their inability to resist anterior shear stress.
The pars may be intact, or it may undergo microfractures.