All-Stars Equity Theory Process theory is a commonly used form of scientific research study in which events or occurrences are said to be the result of certain input states leading to a certain outcome stat, following a set process.
Research has found that other norms may exist which are dependent upon factors such as age or personality Huseman, et. The Equity Sensitivity Construct describes a spectrum of varying sensitivities to equity and inequity Huseman, et.
The idea of equity sensitivity determines the extent to which an individual will tolerate inequity. Equity sensitives will experience distress when faced with either type of inequity: Benevolents will experience distress and possibly guilt when they are in a situation of over-reward.
Entitleds experience distress when in an equitable or under-reward situation. The Equity Sensitivity Construct is useful to understanding equity theory and individual behavior. However, the three categories of equity sensitivity do not account for all individual differences in preferences and behavior.
Individuals might show different equity sensitivities in different contexts Huseman, et. For example, an individual might be equity sensitive in their personal relationships, preferring an equitable balance or they might be an entitled at work and feel comfortable with over-reward.
Specifically, there are differences in preference for extrinsic tangible outcomes versus intrinsic outcomes Miles, et. A specific example of this is in the realm of pay: Conversely, benevolents Equity theory essay extrinsic outcomes lower in preference and show a stronger preference for intrinsic outcomes Miles, et.
It is possible that some of these differences can be attributed to other factors such as age. Younger workers and older workers value different things and the meaning of work varies by age Smith, With this is mind, it is possible that age, or other external factors, might play a part in which equity sensitivity group an individual is likely to be in.
Where does Perceived Inequity Come From?
According to equity theory, perceived inequity comes from social comparisons Adams, A person to whom we compare ourselves to is called the Comparison Other.
Comparison Other There are several factors that an employee can use in determining the "comparison other. Equity Theory states that people strive hard to achieve and maintain a state of equity or fairness in order to maintain internal, psychological balance Adams, However, when ratios are different, a state of inequity exists, and employees will be motivated to bring it back into balance.
Examples of Inequity Underpayment Inequity: As of current, Sarah has been with Corporation X for 3 years and is in line to move into a management position within the next six months.
About three months ago, Corporation X hired another team member in the HR department to assist Sarah in her daily duties as they were getting too much for one person. One day at lunch Alison reveals her salary to Sarah and tells her that she is surprised a company would pay her that salary with no experience in HR.
She is immediately leaded to feeling under-compensated considering she does most of the work and Alison just helps. Sarah realizes that she needs to make Alison accountable for more projects so her inputs match her outputs.
One day at lunch Alison reveals her salary to Sarah and tells her that she is surprised a company would pay her that salary starting out in their HR department even though she has experience elsewhere. Sarah realizes that she makes a few more dollars than Alison.
She is immediately lead to feeling overcompensated considering she does most of the same work Alison does and gets paid more.
Sarah realizes that she needs to be accountable for a few more things than Alison so her inputs match her outputs. Research on Equity Theory In the four decades since John Stacey Adams pioneered the Equity Theory of motivation, an extensive amount of research has been conducted testing the validity of this theory.
The research has tested parts of the theory including the effects of over and under payment equity, equity sensitivity, and the behavioral and cognitive methods of reducing the dissonance caused by feelings of inequity. Within the work setting Equity Theory has been researched in several important areas.Video: Equity Theory of Motivation in Management: Definition & Examples In this lesson, you'll learn the fundamental principles of John Stacey Adams' equity theory and understand how it can affect.
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Equity Theory Process theory is a commonly used form of scientific research study in which events or occurrences are said to be the result of certain input states leading to a . Equity Theory Essay Equity Theory of Motivation The equity theory of motivation is used to describe the relationship between the employees perception of how fairly is he being treated and how hard he is motivated to work Motivation is the activation of an energized goal-oriented behavior.
Everyone takes up a job as they are motivated by some. This essay was produced by one of our professional writers as a learning aid to help you with your studies. Introduction. This paper begins by presenting four theories of motivation; Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, Herzberg's Two-Factor theory, Adams' Equity theory and the Goal Setting theory.
This shows that the equity theory can be a limited theory which only centres on one type of motivation.
Further the comparison to referent others is subjective, conclusions of equity or inequity are subjective as well, so is the choice of the referent other one uses for comparison (Milner ).