Terrified by the mere thought of writing your college paper? Feel the joy of submitting an interesting, thoroughly researched essay with our expert academic writing help. Human beings ought to consider the pros and cons of genetic engineering before using it. Pros of Genetic Engineering First, it leads to better growth rate, taste and nutrition of crops like tomatoes, potatoes, rice and soybean.
To alter the sequence of nucleotides of the DNA that code for the structure of a complex living organism, can have extremely ill effects although the potential benefits can be huge.
Before advances in genetic applications, gene therapy was unheard of and genetic defects were always inherited, plaguing generations. Today genetic testing is widely available, such as prenatal karyotyping of chromosomes to check for genetic abnormalities.
Genetic testing is also useful for families in which autosomal recessive disorders are known to exist, when these are planning to have children. In addition, genetic testing is available for people who might have inherited a genetic disorder which only becomes apparent later in life for example Huntington's Disease.
Individual choice decides whether a person would rather know if they are particularly vulnerable to certain diseases or more likely to die young. Knowing that your life may be short could inspire you to make the most of it while it could equally well cause severe depression.
Though these techniques are available, they are still in the experimental stages. Somatic cell therapy, for example, uses faulty genes to target the affected areas for genetic treatment. This technique is beneficial in the treatment of cancers and lung, blood and liver disorders.
Since the treatment is localised, any unwanted effects of this are not passed on to the next generation. A more controversial technique is the genetic alteration of gametes which causes a permanent change for the organism as well as for subsequent generations.
Of course if the gene is corrected without further negative effects, the genetic disorder has been successfully eliminated; but if a problem arises it could pass on. These advances in genetic engineering make the possibility of "designer babies" a reality.
When the choice to change every aspect of every characteristic of a child is available, who would refuse? Why have an average child, when it is possible to have one with perfect health, good looking, intelligent and matching every other desirable characteristic which parents could want?
The benefits seem endless: How far this could go, is unpredictable; theoretically humans could for example be made more efficient - requiring less food but able to work harder.
However, one of the problems with changing the structure of human DNA, is the subsequent loss of natural variation. As well as the unattractive possibility of very little variation in personalities and looks, the loss of natural variation would stop the formation of new genes, thereby severely decreasing the available gene pool.
On the larger scale of life, natural variation is vital for subtle adaptions that help species accommodate to changing environments. If genetic alterations become widespread, genes required for particular circumstances or different environments that may be encountered by the organism, could conceivably be bred out.
If then the organism encounters a change without the gene which would have made adaptation possible, it could suffer or even perish.Essay: Genetic engineering Genetic engineering is a technique involving the manipulation of an organism’s genome through the insertion of a gene, removal of a nucleotide sequence or alteration of a gene’s ability to express itself.
This essay will discuss the eugenics, the religious point of view about genetic engineering, genetically modified food and the genetic screening of embryos. In this essay it will be said wether genetic engineering is ethical or unethical. Jul 01, · Genetic Engineering Essay Sara just found out her baby will be born with ADA deficiency (bubble-boy syndrome).
The baby will be born with no immune system, and be forced to live a short, sheltered life with no “out-siders”. Genetic Engineering Essay. Projects / Academic / Genetic Engineering Essay. GENETIC ENGINEERING - The benefits and problems. Genetic engineering is a powerful and potentially very dangerous tool.
Positive genetic engineering is concerned with the enhancement of positive individual traits. This includes increasing human capacity or longevity. Conversely, negative genetic engineering is concerned with the quelling of negative human traits such as some genetic diseases.
Genetic engineering can in the modification of human DNA. _essay on science and ethics Conclusion in conclusion genetic engineering is a SCHOOL University of Phoenix%(1).