Print this page The Irish catastrophe The Great Famine in Ireland began as a natural catastrophe of extraordinary magnitude, but its effects were severely worsened by the actions and inactions of the Whig government, headed by Lord John Russell in the crucial years from to The Irish famine was proportionally more destructive of human life than Altogether, about a million people in Ireland are reliably estimated to have died of starvation and epidemic disease between andand some two million emigrated in a period of a little more than a decade Comparison with other modern and contemporary famines establishes beyond any doubt that the Irish famine of the late s, which killed nearly one-eighth of the entire population, was proportionally much more destructive of human life than the vast majority of famines in modern times.
English and Anglo-Irish families owned most of the land, and most Irish Catholics were relegated to work as tenant farmers forced to pay rent to the landowners. Great Hunger Begins When the crops began to fail inas a result of P.
Still, these changes failed to offset the growing problem of the potato blight. With many tenant farmers unable to produce sufficient food for their own consumption, and the costs of other supplies rising, thousands died from starvation, and hundreds of thousands more from disease caused by malnutrition.
Complicating matters further, historians have since concluded, was that Ireland continued to export large quantities of food, primarily to Great Britain, during the blight.
In cases such as livestock and butter, research suggests that exports may have actually increased during the Potato Famine. In alone, records indicate that commodities such as peas, beans, rabbits, fish and honey continued to be exported from Ireland, even as the Great Hunger ravaged the countryside.
By then, the damage was done. Although estimates vary, it is believed as many as 1 million Irish men, women and children perished during the Famine, and another 1 million emigrated from the island to escape poverty and starvation, with many landing in various cities throughout North America and Great Britain.
However, the significance of the Potato Famine or, in the Irish language, An Gorta Mor in Irish history, and its contribution to the Irish diaspora of the 19th and 20th centuries, is beyond doubt. Tony Blairduring his time as British Prime Minister, issued a statement in offering a formal apology to Ireland for the U.
Irish Hunger Memorials In recent years, cities to which the Irish ultimately emigrated during and in the decades after the event have offered various commemorations to the lives lost. In addition, Glasgow Celtic FC, a soccer team based in Scotland that was founded by Irish immigrants, many of whom were brought to the country as a result of the effects of the Potato Famine, has included a commemorative patch on its uniform—most recently on September 30, —to honor the victims of the Great Hunger.
A Great Hunger Museum has been established at Quinnipiac University in Hamden, Connecticut as a resource for those seeking information on the Potato Famine and its impact, as well as for researchers hoping to explore the event and its aftermath.
What was the Irish potato famine? How was Queen Victoria involved, how many people died and when did it happen?The Great Famine (Irish: an Gorta Mór, [anˠ ˈgɔɾˠt̪ˠa mˠoːɾˠ]) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between and Ireland is in your hands, in your power.
If you do not save her, she cannot save herself. I solemnly call upon you to recollect that I predict with the sincerest conviction that a quarter of her population will perish unless you come to her relief.
The Irish potato famine exhibition in Dublin, Ireland tells the story of the Great Hunger, a period of mass death and starvation between and The famine exhibition includes original 19th century photographs, contemporary accounts and a 15 minute documentary film. One of . Feb 17, · The Great Irish Potato Famine by James Donnelly (Sutton Publishing, ) Places to visit Pay a visit to the Irish Labour History Museum - articles, journals and resources relating to past and.
Introduction: Part 1 of 8 at The History Place.
Beginning in and lasting for six years, the potato famine killed over a million men, women and children in Ireland and . Great Famine, also called Irish Potato Famine, Great Irish Famine, or Famine of –49, famine that occurred in Ireland in –49 when the potato crop failed in successive years.
The crop failures were caused by late blight, a disease that destroys both the leaves .