Play media Overview of the United States legislative process, as explained by the Library of Congress Inthis committee of representatives prosecuted president Andrew Johnson in his impeachment trial, but the Senate did not convict him.
Constitutional framework The House of Representatives shares equal responsibility for lawmaking with the U. As conceived by the framers of the Constitution, the House was to represent the popular will, and its members were to be directly elected by the people.
In contrast, members of the Senate were appointed by the states until the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendmentwhich mandated the direct election of senators. Each state is guaranteed at least one member of the House of Representatives. The allocation of seats is based on the population within the states, and membership is reapportioned every 10 years, following the decennial census.
House members are elected for two-year terms from single-member districts of approximately equal population. The constitutional requirements for eligibility for membership of the House of Representatives are a minimum age of 25 years, U. The number rose following the ratification of the Constitution by North Carolina and Rhode Island in ; the first Congress —91 adjourned with 65 representatives.
By membership had reached Two additional representatives were added temporarily after the admission of Alaska and Hawaii as states inbut at the next legislative apportionmentmembership returned tothe number authorized by a law enacted in Powers The Constitution vests certain exclusive powers in the House of Representatives, including the right to initiate impeachment proceedings and to originate revenue bills.
The organization and character of the House of Representatives have evolved under the influence of political partieswhich provide a means of controlling proceedings and mobilizing the necessary majorities. Party leaders, such as the speaker of the House and the majority and minority leaders, play a central role in the operations of the institution.
However, party discipline i.
A further dominating element of House organization is the committee systemunder which the membership is divided into specialized groups for purposes such as holding hearings, preparing bills for the consideration of the entire House, and regulating House procedure.
Each committee is chaired by a member of the majority party. There are approximately 20 standing permanent committees, organized mainly around major policy areas, each having staffs, budgets, and subcommittees.
They may hold hearings on questions of public interest, propose legislation that has not been formally introduced as a bill or resolution, and conduct investigations. Among important standing committees are those on appropriations, on ways and means which handles matters related to financeand on rules.
There are also select and special committees, which are usually appointed for a specific project and for a limited period. The committees also play an important role in the control exercised by Congress over governmental agencies.
Cabinet officers and other officials are frequently summoned before the committees to explain policy. The Constitution Article I, section 6 prohibits members of Congress from holding offices in the executive branch of government—a chief distinction between parliamentary and congressional forms of government.
After the census ofNortheastern and Midwestern states held House seats and the South and West held Outsourcing and the US Economy Essay Words | 10 Pages. economic debate in the United States.
An Associated Press-Ipsos poll in May , found that 69 per cent of Americans thought that outsourcing hurts the US economy while only 17 per cent thought it helped. The congress is the legislation department of the United States Government.
It it is bicameral and is comprised of two chambers, the senate and the house of representatives (English, ). The first Article of the constitution sculpts the vital roles of Congress. The President of the United States is one such leader.
As a nation, we place no greater responsibility on any one individual than we do on the president. Through these lessons, students learn about the roles and responsibilities of the president and their own roles as citizens of a democracy. Essay on The Three Branches of Government - The United States government braces its power among three powerful branches, legislative, executive and judicial.
These branches interact with one another to establish authority that is strong, yet equal to have power over the country. The three branches of government are the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary. The Legislative powers are vested upon Congress in Article I of the Constitution.
Congress aside from lawmaking has three other major roles in . House of Representatives, one of the two houses of the bicameral United States Congress, established in by the Constitution of the United States.
Constitutional framework The House of Representatives shares equal responsibility for lawmaking with the U.S. Senate.